London. British Library, Add MS 11283

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The British Library, Polonsky Pre-1200 Project
London. British Library
  • British Library, Add MS 11283
Biblissima authority file
  • Latin
  • Bestiary
  • This manuscript is the earliest extant manuscript of a type of bestiaries known as 'Clark's Second-Family' that brings in new materials by following a system of classification into beasts, birds and reptiles. This taxonomy is supported by illustrations. Contents:ff. 1r-41r: A Bestiary, beginning: 'Leo fortissimus bestiarum ad nullius pavebit occursum'. Ending: 'Nam amor feminarum quarum peccatum ab initio cepit id est ab Adam usque nunc in filios inobediente debachatur'.Decoration:1 large drawing in red and green (f. 41r). 100 unframed drawings mainly in brown ink, some with colour wash (e.g., f. 23r). Several drawings are pricked for pounce transfer. Small decorated initials in red and blue with some pen flourishing.Animals depicted in the drawings include: f. 1r: A lion;f. 2r: A horse; a leopard;f. 3v: A griffon with prey in its claws;f. 4r: An elephant;f. 5r: A hyena eating a human leg from a tomb;f. 8r: A crocodile ('cocodrilllus') with a dead figure in his claws;f. 10r: A king setting dogs to attack two men;f. 13r: A camel; a dromedary;f. 17r: A vulture; cranes;f. 23r: A peacock; a hen, both in colours;f. 27v: Snakes;f. 41r: Two human figures in a lake of fire. Two artists worked on the drawings, according to Clark, Medieval Book of Beasts (2006), no. 12.
  • Preferred form
    • England (United Kingdom)
    Original form
    • England
    Other form
    • Angleterre
    • Angleterre (?)
    • Angleterre.
    • Angleterre ?
    • Anglaterra
    • Inglaterra
    • Engeland
    • Angleterre (Salisbury ?)
    • Anglaterra (Salisbury?)
    • Inglaterra (Salisbury?)
    • England (Salisbury?)
    • [Oxford?]
    • [England]
    • England, Norwich?
    • England, Canterbury, St. Augustine's Abbey?
    • England, Cornwall?
    • England, St. Albans?
    • England, North?
    • England, York?
    • England, Witham?
    • England, Winchester or St. Albans
    • England, Reading or Leominster
    • England, Cirencester?
    • England, Sherborne?
    • England, Worcester?
    • England, Bury St. Edmunds?
    • England, Tewkesbury?
    • England, East Anglia?
    • England, Peterborough?
    • England, Mercia?
    • England, Canterbury, Christ Church?
    • England, Canterbury, St. Augustine's?
    • England, Winchester?
    • England, Oxford?
    • Flanders (possibly executed in England)
    • England and Netherlands
    • England, Canterbury?
    • England, West Midlands?
    • England, London?
    • England, Crowland?
    • England, Wessex?
    • England, Reading?
    • England, Northeast?
    • England, Southeast?
    • England, Ely?
    • England, Winchester or Hereford?
    • England, Salisbury?
    • England, Oxford or Salisbury
    • German (but made in England)
    • England, South East (?)
    • England. Peterborough (?) or Lincoln (?)
    • Hereford?, England
    • England, Durham ?
    • England, Durham?
    • England, probably Durham
    • England, Oxford (?)
    • England, possibly Oxford
    • England (?Oxford)
    • England, Durham (?)
    • England, London/Westminster
    • Unknown, possibly London and Cambridge
    • Royal Chancery, London; Cambridge
    • Engeland (?)
    • England (II)
    • I. England
    • [Engeland]
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  • Public domain in most countries other than the UK
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