London. British Library, Cotton MS Nero A II

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Source
The British Library, Polonsky Pre-1200 Project
Library
London. British Library
Shelfmark
British Library, Cotton MS Nero A II
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Language
  • Latin
Title
  • Pseudo-Jerome, Psalter of St Jerome (fragment); Leaf from a Book of Hours, reused as a Cottonian frontispiece; Calendar; Computistical texts; Hymns and prayers; Sermons; Augustine, De Fide Catholica (Sermon 233); De Litteris ; Chronicle from Creation to 728; Augustine, Sermo de Symbolo (excerpt); Origin, In Lucam homiliae (excerpt Sermon 12); Ratio de cursus ; Fortunatianus of Aquileia, Commentary on the Gospels (excerpts); John Cassian, Collationes (excerpt); Jerome, Contra Vigilantium ; Defensor of Ligugé, Liber scintillarum (imperfect); Bede the Venerable, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (excerpt); Translatio et Miracula Sancti Cuthberti (imperfect); Excerpta de Vita et Miraculis Sancti Cuthberti
Agent
  • Preferred form
    • Pseudo-Hieronymus Stridonensis
    Original form
    • Pseudo-Jerome, Unspecified
    Other form
    • JEROME (PS.-)
    • Ps. Hieronymus
    • Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius, auteur prétendu
    • Jérôme, saint, auteur prétendu
    • Hieronymus (Pseudo-)
    • Pseudo-Hieronymus
    • Pseudo-Jerome
    • Pseudo Jeroni, sant, ca. 342-420
    • Pseudo Jerónimo, Santo
    • Pseudo-Jerome
    • Pseudo Jerome
    • Jerome, Saint, -419 or 420
    • Pseudo-Hieronymus Stridonensis
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  • Preferred form
    • Augustin (saint, 0354-0430)
    Original form
    • Augustine of Hippo, 354-430, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
    Other form
    • Augustinus (saint ; 0354-0430)
    • Augustinus
    • AUGUSTINUS (S.)
    • Saint Augustin
    • Augustin d'Hippone
    • Augustin (saint ; 0354-0430)
    • AUGUSTINUS HIPPONENSIS ep. (s.)
    • AUGUSTINUS (s.)
    • Augustinus Hipponensis
    • S. Augustinus
    • AUGUSTINUS
    • Augustin, S.
    • Augustin (sain ; 0354-0430)
    • AUGUSTINUS HIPPONENSIS
    • Augustin (saint, 0354-0430)
    • Augustinus (s.)
    • S. Augustinus Hipponensis
    • Augustinus Hiponnensis
    • Augustin
    • Sancti Augustini
    • Sanctus Augustinus
    • S. Augustinus (?)
    • S. AUGUSTINUS HIPPONENSIS
    • Augustini
    • Saint Augustin
    • Ange Vergèce
    • Bartolomeo Zanetti
    • Nicolas Mourmouris
    • Héphestion
    • Homère
    • Jean Dokeianos
    • Jean de Meung
    • AUGUSTINI
    • Sancti Augustini
    • S. Augustin
    • [Augustinus]
    • [AUGUSTINUS]
    • Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis
    • Pierre de Fermat
    • AUGUSTIN, Saint
    • Augustin (Saint)
    • Augustin saint 0354-0430
    • Agustí, sant, bisbe d'Hipona, 354-430
    • Agustín, Santo, Obispo de Hipona
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo
    • Augustinus, Aurelius, 354-430
    • Augustinus (heilige)
    • Author: Augustinus, Aurelius
    • Translator: Augustinus, Aurelius
    • Augustine
    • Augustine of Hippo
    • Augustine, of Hippo, Saint, 354-430
    • Augustine (attrib.)
    • St Augustine, Bishop of Hippo (354-430)
    • St Augustine, Bishop of Hippo (354-430), author
    • Pseudo Augustine
    • Pseudo Augustine (Quodvultdeus)
    • Pseudo Augustine (Patrick of Dublin)
    • Pseudo Augustine (Jeronimus)
    • St Augustine
    • Augustinus, Aurelius, Hipponensis, 354-430
    • Augustinus, Aurelius, Hipponensis, 354-430 (role)aut
    • Augustin (saint)
    • Augustinus, Aurelius
    • S. Augustin
    • Aurelius Augustinus (354-430)
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  • Preferred form
    • Origène (0185?-0254?)
    Original form
    • Origen, c 185-c 254
    Other form
    • ORIGÈNE
    • ORIGENES (Adamantius)
    • ORIGENES
    • Origenes (0185?-0254?)
    • ORIGINES
    • Origenes
    • Origène (0185?-0254?)
    • ORIGENIS
    • Origenis presbiteri
    • Origenis
    • Origenes Adamantius
    • Origène
    • Origène 0185?-0254?
    • Origen
    • Orígenes
    • Orígenes, ca. 183-ca. 253
    • Origenes 185-254
    • Author: Origenes
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  • Preferred form
    • Jérôme (saint, 0345?-0420)
    Original form
    • Jerome, c 345-420, Saint
    Other form
    • Hieronymus (saint ; 0345?-0420)
    • S. Hieronymus
    • S. HIERONYMUS
    • Hieronymus Stridonius
    • Hieronymus
    • HIERONYMUS
    • Jérôme (saint ; 0345?-0420)
    • HIERONYMUS (s.)
    • Sancti Jeromini
    • Hieronymus Stridonius (ps.)
    • S. Hieronymus,
    • Jerome, S.
    • Hieronymys Stridonius
    • HIERONYMUS STRIDONIUS
    • Jérôme
    • Hieronymo
    • Saint Jérôme
    • HIERONYMUS (S.)
    • Jheronimus Stridonius
    • Hieronimi
    • Hieronimus Stridonius
    • Hieronymus Stridonensis
    • JERONIMI
    • Ieronimi
    • Hieronymi
    • Jérôme (saint, 0345?-0420)
    • S. Jérôme
    • Jérôme (Saint)
    • Jérôme saint 0345?-0420
    • Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius 345-420
    • Hieronymus (heilige)
    • Jerome, Saint, d. 419 or 20
    • Jeroni, sant, ca. 342-420
    • Jerónimo, Santo
    • Author: Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius
    • Translator: Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius
    • Jerome
    • Jerome, Saint, -419 or 420
    • Jérôme (saint ; 0347?-0420)
    • St Jerome
    • Jerome, Saint (-419 or 420)
    • Jerome, Saint (-419 or 420), author
    • Hieronymus, Heilige, 347?-420
    • Jérôme (saint ; 0345?-0420). Traducteur
    • Jérôme (saint)
    • Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius, 345-420
    • Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius
    • Saint Jérôme
    • Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus (345-420)
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  • Preferred form
    • Jean Cassien (saint, 0360?-0432?)
    Original form
    • John Cassian, c 360-c 432, Abbot of Saint-Victor
    Other form
    • CASSIEN
    • CASSIANUS (Joannes)
    • JOANNES Cassianus
    • CASSIANUS (s. Johannes), Massiliensis
    • Cassianus
    • Jean Cassien
    • Jean Cassien (saint ; 0360?-0432?)
    • Iohannes Cassianus
    • CASSIANUS (s. Johannes)
    • S. Johannes Cassianus
    • Joannes Cassianus (saint ; 0360?-0432?)
    • Joannes Cassianus
    • Johannes Cassianus
    • CASSIANUS
    • Jean Cassien saint 0360?-0432?
    • Casiano, Juan ca. 360-435
    • Cassià, Joan, 360-430/35
    • Cassian, John, ca. 360-ca. 435
    • Cassianus, Johannes
    • Author: Cassianus, Johannes
    • John Cassian
    • Cassian
    • Cassian, John, approximately 360-approximately 435
    • Cassianus, Johannes, 360/365-432/435
    • Johannes Cassianus (Johannes)
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  • Preferred form
    • Defensor de Ligugé
    Original form
    • Defensor of Ligugé, fl 7th century, Benedictine monk of St Martin's Abbey, Ligugé
    Other form
    • Defensor Locogiacensis
    • Defensor de Ligugé
    • DEFENSOR LOCOGIACENSIS
    • Defensor, 7th cent.
    • Defensor Locogiacensis fl.7./8. Jh.
    • Author: Defensor, Locogiacensis
    • Defensor
    • Defensor of Ligugé
    • Defensor
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  • Preferred form
    • Fortunatianus Aquileiensis (03..-04..)
    Original form
    • Fortunatianus of Aquileia, d 361, Bishop of Aquileia
    Other form
    • Annotator: Fortunatianus, Aquileiensis
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  • Preferred form
    • Bède le Vénérable (saint, 0673?-0735)
    Original form
    • Bede the Venerable, c 673-735, Saint
    Other form
    • Bède le Vénérable (saint ; 0673?-0735)
    • Beda Venerabilis
    • BEDA
    • Beda
    • BEDA VENERABILIS (s.)
    • Beda Venerabilis (saint ; 0673?-0735)
    • Bède
    • S. Beda venerabilis
    • Venerabilis Bedae
    • BEDA VENERABILIS
    • Beda Venerabilis (ps.)
    • S. Beda Venerabilis
    • Venerabilis BEDE
    • Bede
    • Bedae
    • Bedae venerabilis
    • Bède le Vénérable saint 0673?-0735
    • Beda, el Venerable, sant, 673-735
    • Beda el Venerable, Santo
    • Beda Venerabilis 672-735
    • Bede, the Venerable, Saint, 673-735
    • Author: Beda, Venerabilis
    • Commentator: Beda, Venerabilis
    • Bede (attributed to)
    • Bede the Venerable
    • Bede the Venerable (attrib.)
    • Bede (673/4–735)
    • The Venerable Bede
    • Beda Venerabilis, 673-735
    • Beda
    • Bède le Vénérable
    • Beda (672-735)
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Description
  • This composite manuscript consists of five parts (f. 1; f. 2; ff. 3-13; ff. 14-45; ff. 46-108) that were produced separately between the 8th and 15th centuries and joined together in the library of Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (b. 1571, d. 1631). The manuscript contains a wide variety of theological, computistical, devotional and hagiographical materials. The fourth part (ff. 14-45), produced in the late 8th century or early 9th century (perhaps in Northern Italy), contains the only surviving copy of the Ratio de Cursus qui Fuerunt Eius Auctores (Explanation of the Liturgies, About Who Were Its Authors): a mid-8th century treatise that defends the Irish and Gallic liturgies against the claim of the advisers of Pepin the Short (b. 752, d. 768) that their liturgy was the only authentic Roman liturgy (see Mews, 'Apostolic Authority' (2017), pp. 123-24). This part of the manuscript also contains theological texts that can also be found in Arundel MS 213 and Zürich, Zentralbibliothek, MS C 64. Its contents and style of decoration suggest that it was copied from an Irish exemplar (see Dorfbauer, 'Der Codex Zürich, Zentralbibliothek C' (2017), p. 126). Contents: ff. 1r-1v: Pseudo-Jerome, Psalter of St Jerome , fragment (includes Psalms 30:17-18; 33:2-4; 34:2-3; 34: 22-23; 35:11-12; 37:22-23; 38:13-14; 39:13). f. 2r: A 15th-century decorated initial 'V', followed by a 17th-century inscription: '[V]olumen hoc fragmentorum a Roberto Cotton collectum, continent diversos tractatus quae proxima in pagina sequuntur'. ff. 3r-8v: Calendar, with the so-called Dog Days ( dies canicularis ). f. 9r: A computistical table.f. 9v: Instructions for the computus, beginning: ‘Si vis scire quot concurrentes in anno sunt’.f. 10r: Instructions for calculating the age of the moon, beginning: ‘Hec sunt .vii.tem etates lune’.ff. 10v-11v: A poem in praise of King Æthelstan, beginning 'Carta dirige gressus’. ff. 11v-12v: A prayer, beginning: ‘Domine deus omnipotens rex regum et dominus dominantium’.f. 13r: A hymn to St Dunstan, with neumes, beginning: ‘O inclite confessor Christi’.f. 13v: A hymn to St Æthelberht, with neumes, beginning: ‘Inclite martir ovans te plebs venerator in oda’. ff. 14r-27r: Anonymous, sermon on the Works of Mercy, beginning ‘Isaias propheta dicit ille vobis qui jungitis agrum ad agrum’; excerpt from a sermon ('Venus, A Man') against the observance of pagan customs (see Levison, England and the Continent (1946), pp. 303-304 (as ‘C’)); partly based on the work of Caesarius (b. c. 470, d. 542), bishop of Arles. ff. 27r-29v: Anonymous, sermon on the mountains Gerezim and Ebal in the Book of Deuteronomy, beginning ‘Jordane transmissum precepit Moyses Domino jubente populum’. ff. 30r-31r: Anonymous, allegorical tract on parables, beginning, ‘Hic Divis populus Judaicus intelligitur’. ff. 31r-33v: St Augustine (b. 354, d. 430), Bishop of Hippo, Sermon, 233, De Fide Catholica (On Catohlic Faith), beginning 'credimus in unum verum deum patrem et filium et spiritum' [ Patrologia Latina , cols 2175-2176]. ff. 33v-34v: Anonymous treatise on Grammar, beginning ‘Littera quid est? elimentum [sic] vocis articulati’. ff. 34v-36r: A computation of the years elapsed since Creation to 728 (entitled 'chronica de tempore mundi'), beginning ‘Ab exordio mundi usque ad diluvium anni sunt duo milia ducenti quadraginta et duo’; based on the Chronicon (Chronicle) of Eusebius of Caesarea (b. c. 260, d. 339), as translated by St Jerome. ff. 36r-37r: ? St Augustine [here attributed to John Chrysostom (b. c. 347, d. 407), patriarch of Constantinople], tract opening with an excerpt from his Sermo de Symbolo (Sermon on the Creed), beginning, ‘E[rit enim ibi sine dubio compensatio] bonorum operum et malorum velut in statera posita utraque pars’. f. 37r: Origen (b. c. 185, d. c. 254), In Lucam Homiliae (Sermons on Luke), excerpt of Sermon 12 [here attributed to St Jerome], excerpt, beginning ‘Unicuique autem homini duo adsistunt angeli alter iustitiae et alter iniquitatem’. ff. 37r-42r: Ratio de Cursus qui Fuerunt Eius Auctores , beginning ‘In exordium repperimus decantatum fuisse non sicut aliqui inperti fidae vel variae obieccione pertulerunt’ [see Semmler, 'Ratio de cursus' (1963), 77-91]. f. 42r: De Septem Damnationis Peccatorum (On the Seven Deadly Sins), beginning ‘Prima damnacio id est a sanctis separacio’ (see Dorfbauer, 'Der Codex Zürich, Zentralbibliothek C' (2017), p. 145). ff. 42r-42v: De Septem Remunerationis (On the seven rewards of the righteous), beginning ‘Prima remuneracio id est resurrectio’ (see Dorfbauer, 'Der Codex Zürich, Zentralbibliothek C' (2017), p. 145). ff. 42v-43v: John Cassian (b. c. 360, d. 435), abbot of Marseilles, Collationes (Conferences), 1, 5, Chapter 2 [Tract on the Eight Principal Virtues], beginning ‘Primum gastromargia quod sonat'. ff. 43v-44r: St Jerome (b. c. 347, d. 420), Contra Vigilantium (Against Vigilantius), excerpt, beginning ‘Nec nos negamus cunctis pauperibus’. ff. 45r-45v: Defensor of Ligugé (fl. late 7th century), Benedictine monk of St Martin's Abbey in Ligugé, Liber scintillarum (Book of Sparks), imperfect; beginning ‘Dominus dicit in Evangelium majorem caritatem nemo habet’. ff. 46r-47r: Bede the Venerable (b. 672/3, d. 735), Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People), Book 4.32 [healing miracle of St Cuthbert]. ff. 47r-85v: Translatio et Miracula Sancti Cuthberti (Translation and Miracles of St Cuthbert), imperfect; beginning ‘'[D]eus omnipotens iuste misericorde et misericorditer iustus gentem Anglorum' [ Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina , no. 2029]. ff. 86r-108v: Excerpta de Vita et Miraculis Sancti Cuthberti (Excerpts from the Life and Miracles of St Cuthbert), beginning: ‘[V]enerabilis igitur domini famulus Cuthbertus’ [ Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina , no. 2031]. The manuscript contains a later addition: f. 2v: A table of contents, added by the so-called ‘stylized hand’: an unknown scribe who added tables of contents in Cotton’s most important manuscripts. [ff. [1a]recto, [1a]verso, [1b]recto, [1b]verso, 44v, [45a]recto, [45a]verso are blank].Decoration:Part 1 (ff. 1r-1v):Small gold initials in red frames. Part 2 (ff. 2r-2v):A large initial in yellow (imitation gold) on a grey ground with a full strew border; Cotton's heraldic arms added in the 17th century. Part 3 (ff. 3r-13v):Medium-size initials in black ink. Rubrics on ff. 3r-6v, 8r-8v. Neumes on ff. 13r-13v.Part 4 (ff. 14r-45v): 2 large initials with knot-work decoration in brown ink (ff. 27v, 45r). 12 medium initials in brown ink, some highlighted in yellow or with foliate motifs (ff. 30r, 30v, 31r, 33v, 34v, 36v, 37r, 37v, 42r (x2), 42v, 43v) display script in brown ink (ff. 27v, 45r). Rubrics in black ink.Part 5 (ff. 45r-108v):Small (one-line) initials highlighted in red. Unfilled spaces for large and medium initials throughout. Rubrics in red. Line-fillers in brown and red. Paraphs in red.
Place
  • Preferred form
    • Netherlands, Southern
    Original form
    • Southern Netherlands
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    • Winchester (Hampshire, United Kingdom)
    Original form
    • Winchester, England
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    • England, Winchester
    • England, Winchester and East Anglia
    • England, Winchester?
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    • Leominster, England
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    • Italy, Northern
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    • Italie septentrionale (Venise)
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    • Italie du Nord
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    • Italie (Nord).
    • Nord de l’Italie
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    • Italia (norte: Verona?)
    • Upper Italy
    • Northern Italy (Padua - Venice?)
    • Northern Italy, Switzerland (?)
    • Northern Italy (Monza?)
    • Northern Italy (Verona?)
    • Northern Italy (Monza o Verona?)
    • Most likely northern Italy
    • Probably northern Italy (Verona?)
    • Northern Italy (Milan)
    • [Northern Italy]
    • Northern Italian
    • [North Italy]
    • Italy, North
    • Italy, north (Bologna or Padua)
    • [Oberitalien, Ferrara?]
    • [Oberitalien]
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    • England
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    • Angleterre (Winchester ?).
    • Angleterre (Sud, Wessex ?)
    • Angleterre (Sud : Canterbury ?)
    • Angleterre (Winchester)
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    • Angleterre (Canterbury ?)
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    • Angleterre ?
    • Anglaterra
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    • Anglaterra (Salisbury?)
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    • England (Salisbury?)
    • [Oxford?]
    • [England]
    • England, Norwich?
    • England, Canterbury, St. Augustine's Abbey?
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    • Flanders (possibly executed in England)
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    • England, Oxford or Salisbury
    • German (but made in England)
    • England, South East (?)
    • England. Peterborough (?) or Lincoln (?)
    • Hereford?, England
    • England, Durham ?
    • England, Durham?
    • England, probably Durham
    • England, Oxford (?)
    • England, possibly Oxford
    • England (?Oxford)
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    • Unknown, possibly London and Cambridge
    • Royal Chancery, London; Cambridge
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Public domain in most countries other than the UK
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