London. British Library, Cotton MS Claudius C IX

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The British Library, Polonsky Pre-1200 Project
London. British Library
British Library, Cotton MS Claudius C IX
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  • Latin
  • Anglo-Norman
  • English
  • Old English
  • Middle English
  • Notarial copy of letters patent of Queen Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558–1603), issued at Hereford Cathedral; Charters of Kings Edward I (r. 1272–1307) and Henry III (r. 1216–72) of England for the Abingdon Abbey; Hugh of Saint-Victor, Chronicle ; annalistic chronicle, AD 1–1171; William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum ; Award of Norham, addressed to the abbot and convent of Battle; Liber terrarum of Abingdon Abbey and other memoranda , including Old English boundary–clauses; Abingdon indices, notes and letters
  • Preferred form
    • Hugues de Saint-Victor (1096?-1141)
    Original form
    • Hugh of Saint-Victor, c 1096-1141
    Other form
    • Hugo de Sancto Victore
    • Hugo de Sancto Victore (1096?-1141)
    • Hugues de Saint-Victor
    • Hugues de Saint-Victor (1096?-1141)
    • Magistro Hugone
    • Hugo
    • Hugonis de Sancto-Victore
    • Hugues de Saint-Victor, 1096?-1141
    • Hug, de Sant Víctor, 1096-1141
    • Hugh, of Saint-Victor, 1096?-1141
    • Hugo de Sancto Victore, 1096?-1141
    • Hugo van Sint-Victor
    • Author: Hugo, de Sancto Victore
    • Hugh of St. Victor
    • Hugh of St.-Victor
    • Hugues de Saint-Victor (10..-1141)
    • Hugh of Saint-Victor OSA (attrib.)
    • Hugh of Saint-Victor OSA
    • Hugo de Sancto Victore, 1096-1141
    • Hugo
    • Hugo (1096-1141)
    • Hugo von Sankt Victor
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  • Preferred form
    • Guillaume de Malmesbury (1080?-1142?)
    Original form
    • William of Malmesbury, c 1080-1143
    Other form
    • Guillelmus Malmesburiensis
    • Guillaume de Malmesbury (1080?-1142?)
    • Guillelmus Malmesberiensis
    • Willliam of Malmesbury (collected by)
    • William of Malmesbury
    • William of Malmesbury OSB
    • William, of Malmesbury, approximately 1090-1143
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  • This composite manuscript consists of three parts that were produced separately in England during the 12th and 13th centuries. The first part (ff. 4-17), written in the 2nd half of the 12th century, contains the Chronicle of the theologian Hugh of Saint-Victor (b. c. 1096, d. 1141). The second part (ff. 18-103), written in the 1st half of the 13th century, contains the Gesta Regum Anglorum (Deeds of the Kings of England) by William of Malmesbury (b. c. 1090, d. 1142), historian, man of letters, and Benedictine monk. The third part (ff. 105-202), written in the 2nd half of the 12th century and late 13th century, contains the Liber Terrarum (Book of the Lands) of the Benedictine abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Abingdon. The manuscript ends with a section (ff. 204-209) of indices, notes and letters that were added to the 3rd part in the 1st half of the 17th century by Sir Simonds D’Ewes (b. 1602, d. 1650), first baronet, diarist and antiquary. The separate parts were joined together in the library of Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (b. 1571, d. 1631), 1st baronet, antiquary and politician. The manuscript’s final flyleaf (f. [210]recto) appears to contain previously unnoticed excerpts from an unidentified late medieval morality play – a ‘genre’ of which only five examples survive in Middle English - or dream allegory. Contents: ff. 4r-12r: Hugh of Saint-Victor (b. c. 1096, d. 1141), Chronicle . ff. 12v-17v: Annalistic chronicle, AD 1-438, 629-1178 (final entry 1171), with entries added in a 12th- or 13th-century hand on ff. 17r-17v; in 14th- or 15th-century hand on f. 15r. ff. 18r-102v: William of Malmesbury, Gesta Regum Anglorum . ff. 102v-103r: Award of Norham, 5-6 June 1291 (attested by William March, Treasurer, 9 July 1291), addressed to the abbot and community of Battle, rubricated ‘Compositio inter dominum Edwardum regem Anglie et magnates Scotie’, written in Latin and Anglo-Norman c. 1291. ff. 105r-202r: Liber Terrarum (Book of the Lands) [Cartulary], of the Benedictine abbey of St Mary the Virgin, Abingdon [including Old English boundary clauses]; features various later additions, see the separate description for Cotton MS Claudius E IX, ff. 105-202. The manuscript contains a number of later additions:f. 203r: Charter of Edward I, king of England (r. 1272-1307), for the abbot and community of Abingdon, York, 4 October 1301. f. 203r: Charter of Henry III, king of England (r. 1216-72), for Abbot William (r. 1256-60) and the community of Abingdon, entitled ‘De warennis in comitatibus Berk’, Oxon’ et Glocestr’’, 20 March 1257.f. 103r: A Latin verse, 'veritas liberavit nos', added in the (?) 14th century. f. [210]recto: Two excerpts from a morality play or allegorical work, as suggested by the second quotation, on money, written in Middle English in the late 15th or early 16th century: ‘Here I conclude and make my ende / he þat lackes Money wanteth a frende’; ‘Money maketh many men Mad quod Might’.f. 195r: A late medieval or early modern parchment leaf, with ?16th-century note in the upper margin of f. 195r.f. 104r: A title, 'Historia Abbatiae Abbendonensis de rebus & terries eiusdem ecclesiae duobus distincta Libris', added in the 17th century. ff. 204r-209v: Indices for and notes on Abingdon’s Liber Terrarum , added in several hands, primarily that of Sir Simonds D’Ewes (d. 1650); this section also includes two letters to Sir Simonds D’Ewes, one written by Roger Dodsworth (d. 1654), dated 16 January 1645/6 (sealed); the other by John Rawson, undated. f. 2r: Title-page to Lucius Annaeus Seneca, The Works both Morall and Natural , trans. by T. Lodge (London, 1614), added in the library of Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (b. 1571, d. 1631). f. 3r: A table of contents added by the so-called ‘Stylized Hand’, a scribe working for Sir Robert Bruce Cotton.[ff. 1v, 2v, 3v, 104v, 185r, 195v, and 203v are blank]. Decoration:See the separate description of Cotton MS Claudius C IX, ff. 1, 4-17, 18-103, 105-202, 204-209, 203.
  • Preferred form
    • England (United Kingdom)
    Original form
    • England
    Other form
    • Angleterre
    • Angleterre (Cantorbéry ?).
    • Angleterre.
    • Angleterre (dioc. de Salisbury)
    • Angleterre (West Country, Winchcombe ?)
    • Angleterre (Sud ?)
    • Angleterre (Winchester ?).
    • Angleterre (Sud, Wessex ?)
    • Angleterre (Sud : Canterbury ?)
    • Angleterre (Winchester)
    • Angleterre (Canterbury, Christ Church ?)
    • Angleterre (Canterbury ?)
    • Angleterre (Cornouaille ou Pays de Galles ?)
    • Angleterre (Ramsey ?)
    • Salisbury (Angleterre) ?
    • Angleterre ?
    • Anglaterra
    • Inglaterra
    • Engeland
    • Angleterre (Salisbury ?)
    • Anglaterra (Salisbury?)
    • Inglaterra (Salisbury?)
    • England (Salisbury?)
    • [Oxford?]
    • [England]
    • England, Norwich?
    • England, Canterbury, St. Augustine's Abbey?
    • England, Cornwall?
    • England, St. Albans?
    • England, North?
    • England, York?
    • England, Witham?
    • England, Winchester or St. Albans
    • England, Reading or Leominster
    • England, Cirencester?
    • England, Sherborne?
    • England, Worcester?
    • England, Bury St. Edmunds?
    • England, Tewkesbury?
    • England, East Anglia?
    • England, Peterborough?
    • England, Mercia?
    • England, Canterbury, Christ Church?
    • England, Canterbury, St. Augustine's?
    • England, Winchester?
    • England, Oxford?
    • Flanders (possibly executed in England)
    • England and Netherlands
    • England, Canterbury?
    • England, West Midlands?
    • England, London?
    • England, Crowland?
    • England, Wessex?
    • England, Reading?
    • England, Northeast?
    • England, Southeast?
    • England, Ely?
    • England, Winchester or Hereford?
    • England, Salisbury?
    • England, Oxford or Salisbury
    • German (but made in England)
    • England, South East (?)
    • England. Peterborough (?) or Lincoln (?)
    • Hereford?, England
    • England, Durham ?
    • England, Durham?
    • England, probably Durham
    • England, Oxford (?)
    • England, possibly Oxford
    • England (?Oxford)
    • England, Durham (?)
    • England, London/Westminster
    • Unknown, possibly London and Cambridge
    • Royal Chancery, London; Cambridge
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    • Worcester (Hereford and Worcester, United Kingdom)
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    • Worcester, England
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    • Battle Abbey (United Kingdom)
    Original form
    • Battle, England
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    • Abingdon (Oxford, United Kingdom)
    Original form
    • Abingdon, England
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Public domain in most countries other than the UK
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